Histories of scientific observation

DASTON Lorraine, LUNBECK Elizabeth

Histories of scientific observation

Chicago : University of Chicago press, 2011, 460 p.-[4] p. de pl.

ISBN 978-0-226-13677-6

MOND 517

Résumé éditeur :

Observation is the most pervasive and fundamental practice of all the modern sciences, both natural and human. Its instruments include not only the naked senses but also tools such as the telescope and microscope, the questionnaire, the photographic plate, the notebook, the glassed-in beehive, and myriad other ingenious inventions designed to make the invisible visible, the evanescent permanent, the abstract concrete. Yet observation has almost never been considered as an objets of historical inquiry in itself. This wide-ranging collection offers the first examination of the history of scientific observation in this own right, as both epistemic category and scientific practice.
Histories of scientific observation features engaging episodes drawn from across the spectrum of the naturel and human sciences, ranging from meteorology, medicine, and natural history to economics, astronomy, and psychology. The contributions spotlight how observers have scrutinized everything – from seaweed to X-ray radaition, household budgets to the emotions – with ingenuity, curiosity, and perseverance verging on obsession. This book makes a compelling case for the epistemic significance of the long, surprising history of scientific observation, a history full of innovations that have enlarged the possibilities of perception, judgment, and reason.

Lorraine Daston is director of the Max Planck Institute for the history of science in Berlin and is visiting professor in the Committee on social thought at the University of Chicago.

Elizabeth Lunbeck is the Nelson Tyrone, Jr professor of history and professor of psychiatry at Vanderbilt University

Axe de recherche :

  • Axe transversal : Cultures visuelles

Vous aimerez aussi...